2.topography- the shape and the elevation of land in a region. The lord lived in a manor, which was a large house or castle. Example friendly letter, but the parts of the letter are blank so students can label it correctly The introduction of stirrups, supports for the rider’s feet hanging from the saddle, allowed cavalry to remain on their horses. This FREE product includes: Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Vocabulary Middle School Fill In The Blank. These can be downloaded and/or printed if neccesary. The first way to become a knight was by distinguishing himself on the battlefield by fighting bravely. You will also receive various vocabulary worksheets that contain different activities like writin, This Matter Changing States Worksheet was designed for middle school students learning about state changes. All fiefs were ultimately owned by the king, and were granted for only as long as the king wanted him to have it. We look at the struggles and triumphs of past Feudal systems. This no prep resource is exactly what you need! When under attack, the people of the manor retreated to the castle for protection. This worksheet covers all the basics of dramatic works - plays, movies, scripts, and, Note to TeachersThis set of worksheets consists of 112 pages of Fill in the Blanks exercises. Most infants and toddlers prefer____breathing . Some pictures will be shown in a serious vein, but most of the pictures will be humorous to some degree. Listen as Mr. Dowling reads this lesson. The life of most serfs was hard, and religion played a huge role. Feudalism in Middle Ages was a social, political, and religious structure which was based on the exchange of land for military services and or cash rent. Spell. Patrick- one of the first missionaries to bring Christianity to Northern Europe, 6.monks- religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities, 8.Benedict- Italian monk known for his code of conduct for monks; known as Benedictine Rule, 9.King Clovis- King of the Franks who led the Franks to become a strong Christian kingdom, 10.Charlemagne- Christian king of the Franks; crowned by Pope as the emperor of the Romans, in an attempt to bring back the Roman Empire, 11.Vikings- Scandinavian invaders that led many attacks throughout Western Europe; often by ships, 12.knights- warriors who served their noble lords in exchange for land, 13.vassals- a knight who promised to support a lord or a king in exchange for land, 14.feudalism- a political system in which an agreement is made between a vassal and a lord; the vassal will promise to provide military assistance for the lord in exchange for land, 15.chivalry- code of honorable; behavior for knights, 16.William the Conqueror- King of Normandy, France who conquered England after the Battle of Hastings and named himself the King of England in 1066, 17.manor- the large estate owned by a knight or a lord, 18.serfs- peasant workers who were tied to the land on which they lived, 19.excommunicate- to cast out from the church, 20.Holy Roman Empire- empire made up of smaller Germanic states which were governed by an emperor who was chosen by the approval of the Pope, 21.Pope Gregory VII- Pope of Rome in 1073 who excommunicated Emperor Henry IV for disagreeing with the choosing of a bishop, 22.Emperor Henry IV- Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire who attempted to remove Pope Gregory VII due to a disagreement over choosing a bishop, 23.Concordat of Worms- an agreement between the pope and the emperor that limited their powers; signed in 1122 in the city of Worms, 24.The Crusades- long series of wars between the Christians and the Muslims in Southwest Asia; the Crusades were an attempt to protect the city of Jerusalem from Muslim invasion; the wars lasted over 200 years, 25.Holy Land- The Christians called the Land of Palestine the Holy Land because it is where Jesus was born, lived, preached and died, 26.Pope Urban II- Pope of the Roman Catholic Church who launched the first Crusades; he called upon all Christians to retake the Holy Land from the Muslim Turks, 27.King Richard I- King of England who fought in the Third Crusades; also known as Richard the Lionhearted, 28.Saladin- leader of the Muslim forces in the Third Crusades, 30.natural law- belief that God created laws that govern how the world operates, 31.Magna Carta- first document to protect the rights of the people during the Middle Ages; it was signed by King John of England; which limited his power as king, 32.Parliament- law-making body that advised the king; first started in England, 33.Hundred Years War- war between France and England due to the invasion of England into France; the war gave more power to Parliament in England and in France the king grew more powerful, 34.Joan of Arc- a peasant French girl who assists in leading the French army to victory over England in the Hundred Years’ War; captured by the English, Joan is executed for heresy, 35.Black Death- also known as the Bubonic Plague that swept through Europe in mid 1300s; the plague killed at least 1/3 of Europe’s population in approximately 4 years, 36.heresy- religious ideas that oppose accepted church teachings, 37.Reconquista- The retaking of Spain from the Moors led by Christian armies, 38.King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella- King and Queen of Portugal and Spain who required all Jews to convert to Christianity as part of the Spanish Inquisition; they also funded Christopher Columbus’ voyage to the Americas, 39.Spanish Inquisition- a church court that was led by priests to to punish anyone who did not convert to Christianity, 40.Silk Road- trade route between China and European kingdoms, 41.Marco Polo- Italian merchant who wrote about his many travels to China; his writings increased European desire for Asian goods, 42.Renaissance- a time period known as Europe’s Rebirth; following the Middle Ages; the Renaissance is known as a time of great artwork, buildings, education and new ways of thinking, 43.humanism- a way of thinking and learning that stresses the importance of human abilities and actions, 44.Michelangelo- Italian painter whose most famous work is his Creation painting of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel inside the Vatican, 45.Leonardo de Vinci- Italian painter, his most famous work is the Mona Lisa; he was known as a sculptor, architect, inventor, engineer, town planner and a map maker, 46.Johann Gutenberg- developed the printing press in the 1400s and in 1456, he printed in Latin and then later printed in many languages, 47.William Shakespeare- known as the greatest English writer, famous for his plays and poems, 48.Protestant Reformation- reform movement against the Roman Catholic Church which led to many Protestant Churches as part of Christian religion, 49.Martin Luther- priest who led the Protestant Reformation in his complaints against the Roman Catholic church known as the Ninety-Five Theses, 50.Protestants- those who protested against the Roman Catholic Church, 51.Federalism- a government system where local and central governments share in their governing powers, Unit 8 Terms - The Middle Ages (Answer Key). The Crusades helped to bring about the end of feudalism because many barons and knights mortgaged or sold their fiefs so that they could afford to participate in the Crusades.
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